You can download the report here. Also, be sure to check out additional resources listed below.
Residential choices can be instrumental in achieving certain life goals. This category lists some common housing-related goals of individuals with neurodiversities, but there are many more possibilities. When looking at housing options, individuals and their families can consider whether the lifestyle, supportive amenities, physical amenities, etc. align with their goals. If applicable, they can also consider whether/how an LTSS provider and LTSS delivery model align with their goals. Listed in order of inward- to outward-facing goals.
Learn life skills
The individual aims to learn, practice and eventually master skills that they need or want in order to participate in everyday life. Examples include grocery shopping, taking public transit, cooking, financial management and social skills.
Grow in independence
The individual aims to learn and practice self-sufficiency in activities of daily living and to depend less on in-person support.
The individual aims to learn skills and have opportunities to meet new people and maintain relationships.
Get and maintain a job
The individual aims to secure and retain employment.
Participate as a member of the greater community
The individual aims to be integrated into the social fabric of the greater community to the degree the individual desires through hobbies, volunteering, civic engagement, recreational activities, etc.
The individual aims to find a home and communities that provide them with a daily sense of comfort, belonging and safety, from which they can engage positively in daily life.
Be safe at home
The individual aims to have access to support(s) needed for specific impairments (visual notifications of gas leaks, anti-scald devices, etc.), challenging behavior (self-injurious behavior, pica, etc.) and difficult decision making (predatory relationships, etc.).
Find a permanent home
The individual aims to find a home where an individual can live comfortably, with the support(s) they need, for the remainder of their life. This is often an important consideration while planning for when parents, family members or other providers of natural supports are no longer able to provide the level of care an individual needs due to advanced age or death.
First Place–Phoenix, the first property of developer First Place AZ, offers 55 private apartments, along with active living and life-skills training for neurodiverse residents in a consumer-controlled setting. This intentional community and mixed-use development is also home to the First Place Transition Academy (a two-year program that helps neurodiverse adults build crucial skills for independent living and career-readiness) and the First Place Leadership Institute (a multidisciplinary, hands-on training center for professionals, educators, support staff and medical personnel, as well as a site for research and advancements in public policy). Thoughtful building design includes sensory-friendly and accessible qualities, relaxation and recreation spaces, transit access and security features.
First Place provides various supportive amenities, including community life and health and fitness activities. In partnership with leading educational institutions, the First Place doctoral and postdoctoral fellowship for autism research supports scholars working in applied research, assessment and intervention, family support, service coordination, community integration, community development and public policy. As residents, fellows enjoy the benefits of a First Place home—a living, learning laboratory and an enriching life experience. First Place–Phoenix is a supportive, inclusive community where residents can make friends, have fun, live independently—and have a place of their own to call home.
PBS NewsHour Special
The intentional community of 29 Palms is an apartment property for adults with autism who have graduated from the First Place Transition Academy and seniors (55+) who do not have autism. Senior residents (who live in 15 of the 21 units) and Academy graduates (who live in the remaining six units) demonstrate the spirit of community through natural supports (e.g., residents with autism helping seniors with heavy items or offering technology assistance with cellphones, apps, computers; seniors helping residents with autism with cooking or problem solving when “life happens”). The renovated property includes sensory-friendly design, adaptable features, smart home technology and convenient access to public transit. The project is a collaboration between the Foundation for Senior Living and First Place AZ.
Spring Valley, California
Individuals with I/DD are living longer than ever before , , but may need age-related memory care for dementia and Alzheimer’s disease as early as their forties , . In 2016, Noah Homes developed two 5,000-square-foot memory care homes for up to 20 people with I/DD, the first of their kind in the U.S. The memory care homes have a staff-to-resident ratio of 1-to-2, state-of-the-art technology, and opportunities to participate in groundbreaking techniques to fight Alzheimer’s, dementia and other age-related challenges.
The Yellow House is a single-family home located in the rural community of Carbondale, Colorado near Aspen in the Rocky Mountains. A family purchased an existing home for their young adult son with autism and renovated it in 2014 to meet his sensory and behavioral needs. Property management, residential support and day services are provided by Ascendigo Autism Services.
The Yellow House is located in a quiet residential neighborhood that is walkable to recreational amenities (parks, recreation center, bike and hiking trails) and to Main Street with restaurants, shops, creative spaces, a movie theater, public transportation and other small-town amenities. The house has three bedrooms, each with its own full bath, and design features for sensory comfort, safety, independence, privacy and ease of maintenance. An accessory dwelling unit (ADU) is rented to an Ascendigo employee who provides on-call backup and property oversight. The landscaped yard has swings, vegetable gardens, a pond, spa and patio. The original residents were three adults with autism whose families shared equal operational control through a cooperative-ownership LLC. Currently, one person resides there, but the goal is to have up to three residents living and thriving in the house together.
New Haven, Connecticut
Chapel Haven Schleifer Center offers student-housing apartments for young adults enrolled in the Center’s unique transitional programs designed for those with intellectual and developmental disabilities and other neurodiversities. Programs include the REACH program for adults with developmental disabilities and autism, and the Asperger Syndrome Adult Transition (ASAT) program for adults with social communication disorders. Each program has a unique set of supportive amenities. Chapel Haven recently added the Schleifer Adult Independent Living (SAIL) campus, an intergenerational apartment complex for program graduates who want or need lifelong support. SAIL enables residents to comfortably age in place in a non-institutional setting. This $45 million campus was built with universal design and, more specifically, sensory issues in mind. Chapel Haven also has a campus in Tucson, Arizona called Chapel Haven West, which offers a program for adults with social communication disorders.
The Arc Jacksonville Village is one of the first consumer-controlled planned communities for adults with I/DD in the U.S. Developed by the nonprofit The Arc Jacksonville, it offers affordable apartments with accessible design, smart home technology, and multiple recreation spaces and common areas. Residents have the opportunity to live independently in an inclusive and supportive residential community with peer-to-peer support. They enjoy robust on-site and off-site recreation options with walkable access to the broader community and public transit.
Fort Wayne, Indiana
CASS Housing is a nonprofit developer that provides consumer-controlled, customizable, affordable housing with onsite supports for residents with neurodiversities and I/DD. Each property consists of a single-family home with three accessory dwelling units (ADUs) or single room occupancy (SRO) units (depending on zoning in the local jurisdiction), a common space and communal kitchen. A neurotypical steward (resident assistant) lives in the house (with their family as applicable) and adults with neurodiversities and/or I/DD live in the ADUs. Each ADU is a private residence with its own bedroom, bathroom and kitchenette. Residents choose their preferred LTSS providers. The steward checks in with residents once a day and cultivates community life through weekly shared meals and monthly outings. All CASS Housing properties currently offer an independent living model. In the next five years, the plan is to develop a planned community offering family living and family-plus models for adults with additional support needs. This expansion has been facilitated by impact investments, including from a CASS Housing resident and several residents’ families.
Allendale, New Jersey
Crescent Commons is an affordable residential complex of the nonprofit developer Bergen County’s United Way/Madeline Housing Partners LLC. The complex has 17 affordable-lease apartments, six homeownership townhouses and a three-bedroom licensed group home. In this hybrid setting, LTSS in the group home is provider controlled, while LTSS in the apartments and townhouses is consumer controlled. The property is a short walk from downtown Allendale, Crestwood Lake and public transit (train and bus). Residents currently include families and neurodiverse adults.
Our Home – Cathedral Park (OHCP) is a cohousing-inspired community developed by the nonprofit Our Home, Inclusive Community Collaborative for people with diverse abilities, ages and income levels. With an anticipated completion date of 2022, OHCP will offer studio, one-, two- and three-bedroom condominiums architecturally designed to promote community connection and interaction, as well as the privacy of individual homeownership. The property offers both conventional market-rate ownership and subsidized units for qualified individuals. People who experience disability will live in 20-25% of the 28 units as homeowners or tenants. OHCP emphasizes community connection, belonging, cooperative decision-making, sharing, respect, diversity, reciprocity based on individual strengths and interests, and more. Its location offers convenient access to urban amenities, nature, public transit and Portland’s Cathedral Park.
The Marbridge campus offers a variety of residential options for adults with I/DD in a provider-controlled setting. Residents can maintain their preferred activities and friendships as their support needs change with age. The Village at Marbridge emphasizes independent and semi-independent living in a shared single-family home. Each cottage in the Village has three two-bedroom suites, a living area, kitchen, dining area and laundry room. Instructors provide training and oversight for independent living skills like shopping and cooking.
The Ranch at Marbridge offers assisted living. Residents can live in a private bedroom in one of The Ranch’s four lodges or in a shared room in a dorm setting. There are several communal areas, including living rooms, dining rooms and an enrichment center. Staff help with activities of daily living and are available around the clock. The Villa at Marbridge offers 24-hour skilled nursing care in spacious shared bedrooms. This faith-based community offers community life, activities on and off campus, health and fitness activities, relaxation spaces and more.
The Faison Residence is an apartment community where a third of the units are rented to adults with autism and other developmental disabilities who are generally independent but need occasional assistance and supervision. The remaining units are rented to the general public. The property was developed by the Faison Center—a school for children and adults with autism—that wanted graduates to have more options for housing and services.
As a hybrid setting for LTSS delivery, residents with autism and I/DD have access to smart home technology and other supportive in-home services in a provider-controlled setting while they transition from home-based services to more independent adulthood. The remaining units are consumer controlled. Neighbors look out for each other at this intentional and active-living community. The retail space of this mixed-use development is home to a health clinic, sandwich shop and salon, with security systems throughout the building. In addition to the on-site patio, community room and fitness center, residents have access to the Faison Center’s 10,000-square-foot, state-of-the-art community center for physical activity and entertainment.
Main Street is an inclusive, accessible apartment building located in the town center of Rockville, Maryland. Units are comprised of 30%, 50%, 60% and market rate; 75% of the units are affordable and 25% are designated for adults with disabilities. Main Street does not provide direct support services.
We believe wholeheartedly in self-determination and choice. When you move to Main Street, you have your own fob and key and you can decorate your apartment as YOU choose. You choose your apartment type (1-, 2- or 3-bedroom), your roommates and your support staff (if needed).
Our mantra is BYOI: Bring your own independence. If you need services, care or supports to live independently, you bring those supports with you.
Main Street Connect is the partner nonprofit membership organization housed on our ground floor. All community programs are offered through Main Street Connect and are open to both residents and non-resident members.
In addition to a plethora of daily programming, structured activities and unstructured opportunities are facilitated by Main Street staff in the community center on the ground floor. Main Street Connect also offers a community coach, fee-based opportunity if residents need a bit of extra support to live successfully on their own.
Cross Roads, TX
The mission of the nonprofit 29 Acres is to help ensure that people living with autism have community and a safe place to live and where opportunity and happiness are the standard.
Our goal is to support neurodiverse adults to lead purposeful and joyful lives that they themselves design.
There are two main components to 29 Acres: a real estate LLC (our planned living community) and a separate direct support service agency.
Our living, gated community is near two beautiful lakes and several major cities that offer progressive educational, recreational, employment and social opportunities. Residents can connect with their communities using public transportation, other on-demand opportunities or vehicles owned and operated by 29 Acres.
We are consumer controlled—residents choose their own direct support provider. We offer optional daily community activities, as well as property management/overnight security and full access to all on-site recreational and relaxation amenities.
Direct support services at 29 Palms are designed to support the full spectrum of autism. We offer behavioral therapy (used in the natural environment and supervised by BCBAs) employment services through TWC, continuing education through our two-year residential transition academy, social groups and access to an assortment of adaptive sports, including adaptive lake program/hiking, biking, paddle boarding and more.
Our direct support services are licensed to provide personal attendant services, including overnight support. We also offer services to non-residents who may live in their own home or a nearby apartment.
Finally, 29 Acres offers a six-week Summer Transition Experience for neurodiverse individuals 16 and older with a focus on adaptive sports/social engagement and employment discovery.
Founded in 2012, Urban Autism Solutions (UAS) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to changing outcomes for young adults with autism through an integrated community life that advances social and vocational opportunities. Project 1212 is the first residential property UAS opened in 2014. It serves as the hub for daily programming and dinnertime meals. Located west of the University of Illinois at Chicago, this neighborhood is easily accessible by foot, “L” train, bus or car.
The first floor at 1212 is used for cooking, meals, socializing and meeting space. Each of the four residents who call 1212 home has their own bedrooms and some have a private bathroom. Staff is on-site 24/7.
In 2015, UAS opened a second property, 826 Ada, a three-bedroom townhouse just two blocks from Project 1212. This home offers two residents private bedrooms and shared bathroom. It also has a large enclosed private patio and full finished basement. Clients here also utilize staff up to 24 hours a day. This home offers room and board to a graduate student. In 2020, UAS opened its a three-bedroom townhouse on Racine Avenue. This home allows for intermittent care, along with trained roommates who provide an overnight presence from 10 p.m. to 7 a.m. Racine also boasts a large, finished basement and small outdoor patio.
Our three residential properties are located within two blocks of each other. At its epicenter is our UAS West Side Transition Academy, opened in 2019. The UAS Academy offers additional program space for continuing education, fitness and meetings. Furnished with young adults in mind, rooms and lounges are equipped with smartboards, monitors and computers. Our fitness room is equipped with a Peloton treadmill and spin bikes. All residents have access to this space during the day.
Central to our model is a relationship with a cutting-edge hospital, Rush University Medical Center, with state-of-the-art care for psychiatric co-morbidities and related health concerns experienced by many of our clients.